Design and analysis of magnetostrictive sensors for wireless temperature sensing

Manjunath C. Rajagopal, Sanjiv Sinha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnetostrictive transducers are commonly used as actuators and sonar transducers, and in remote non-destructive evaluation. Their use in wireless thermometry is relatively unexplored. Since magnetostriction-based sensors are passive, they could potentially enable long-term near-field thermometry. While the temperature sensitivity of resonance frequency in magnetostrictive transducers has been reported in previous studies, the origin of the temperature sensitivity has, however, not been elucidated. Here, we identify material properties that determine temperature sensitivity and identify ways to improve sensitivity as well as the detection technique. Using a combination of analytical and computational methods, we systematically identify the material properties that directly influence the temperature coefficient of resonance frequency (TCF). We first experimentally measure the shift in resonance frequency due to temperature changes in a Metglas strip to be 0.03% K-1. Using insights from theory, we then experimentally demonstrate a fivefold improvement to the TCF by using Terfenol in place of Metglas as the magnetostrictive sensor material. We further demonstrate an alternate temperature sensing technique that does not require measuring the resonance frequency, consequently reducing instrument complexity. This work provides a general framework to analyze magnetostrictive materials and the sensing scheme for near-field wireless thermometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014901
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation


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