Descriptive Genomic Analysis and Sequence Genotyping of the Two Papaya Species (Vasconcellea pubescens and Vasconcellea chilensis) Using GBS Tools

Basilio Carrasco, Bárbara Arévalo, Ricardo Perez-Diaz, Yohaily Rodríguez-Alvarez, Marlene Gebauer, Jonathan E. Maldonado, Rolando García-Gonzáles, Borys Chong-Pérez, José Pico-Mendoza, Lee A. Meisel, Ray Ming, Herman Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A genotyping by sequencing (GBS) approach was used to analyze the organization of genetic diversity in V. pubescens and V. chilensis. GBS identified 4675 and 4451 SNPs/INDELs in two papaya species. The cultivated orchards of V. pubescens exhibited scarce genetic diversity and low but significant genetic differentiation. The neutrality test yielded a negative and significant result, suggesting that V. pubescens suffered a selective sweep or a rapid expansion after a bottleneck during domestication. In contrast, V. chilensis exhibited a high level of genetic diversity. The genetic differentiation among the populations was slight, but it was possible to distinguish the two genetic groups. The neutrality test indicated no evidence that natural selection and genetic drift affect the natural population of V. chilensis. Using the Carica papaya genome as a reference, we identified critical SNPs/INDELs associated with putative genes. Most of the identified genes are related to stress responses (salt and nematode) and vegetative and reproductive development. These results will be helpful for future breeding and conservation programs of the Caricaceae family.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2151
JournalPlants
Volume11
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • GBS
  • SNPs/INDELs
  • Vasconcellea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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