Describing and prescribing the constitutive response of yield stress fluids using large amplitude oscillatory shear stress (LAOStress)

Christopher J. Dimitriou, Randy H. Ewoldt, Gareth H. McKinley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) is used as a tool to probe the nonlinear rheological response of a model elasto-viscoplastic material (a Carbopol microgel). In contrast to most recent studies, these large amplitude measurements are carried out in a stress-controlled manner. We outline a descriptive framework of characterization measures for nonlinear rheology under stress-controlled LAOS, and this is contrasted experimentally to the strain-controlled framework that is more commonly used. We show that this stress-controlled methodology allows for a physically intuitive interpretation of the yielding behavior of elasto-viscoplastic materials. The insight gained into the material behavior through these nonlinear measures is then used to develop two constitutive models that prescribe the rheological response of the Carbopol microgel. We show that these two successively more sophisticated constitutive models, which are based on the idea of strain decomposition, capture in a compact manner the important features of the nonlinear rheology of the microgel. The second constitutive model, which incorporates the concept of kinematic hardening, embodies all of the essential behaviors exhibited by Carbopol. These include elasto-viscoplastic creep and time-dependent viscosity plateaus below a critical stress, a viscosity bifurcation at the critical stress, and Herschel-Bulkley flow behavior at large stresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-70
Number of pages44
JournalJournal of Rheology
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Constitutive modeling
  • Large amplitude oscillatory shear
  • Plasticity
  • Yield stress fluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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