### Abstract

We study delay of jobs that consist of multiple parallel tasks, which is a critical performance metric in a wide range of applications such as data file retrieval in coded storage systems and parallel computing. In this problem, each job is completed only when all of its tasks are completed, so the delay of a job is the maximum of the delays of its tasks. Despite the wide attention this problem has received, tight analysis is still largely unknown since analyzing job delay requires characterizing the complicated correlation among task delays, which is hard to do. We first consider an asymptotic regime where the number of servers, n, goes to infinity, and the number of tasks in a job, k ^{(} ^{n} ^{)} , is allowed to increase with n. We establish the asymptotic independence of any k ^{(} ^{n} ^{)} queues under the condition k ^{(} ^{n} ^{)} = o(n ^{1 / 4} ). This greatly generalizes the asymptotic independence type of results in the literature, where asymptotic independence is shown only for a fixed constant number of queues. As a consequence of our independence result, the job delay converges to the maximum of independent task delays. We next consider the non-asymptotic regime. Here, we prove that independence yields a stochastic upper bound on job delay for any n and any k ^{(} ^{n} ^{)} with k ^{(} ^{n} ^{)} ≤ n. The key component of our proof is a new technique we develop, called “Poisson oversampling.” Our approach converts the job delay problem into a corresponding balls-and-bins problem. However, in contrast with typical balls-and-bins problems where there is a negative correlation among bins, we prove that our variant exhibits positive correlation.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 207-239 |

Number of pages | 33 |

Journal | Queueing Systems |

Volume | 91 |

Issue number | 3-4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Apr 15 2019 |

### Keywords

- Association of random variables
- Asymptotic independence
- Large systems
- Parallel jobs

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistics and Probability
- Computer Science Applications
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Computational Theory and Mathematics

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## Cite this

*Queueing Systems*,

*91*(3-4), 207-239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11134-018-09597-5