Defining the timing and duration of the Kaák Interval within the Eifelian/Givetian boundary GSSP, Mech Irdane, Morocco, using geochemical and magnetic susceptibility patterns

B. B. Ellwood Brooks B., Thomas J. Algeo, Ahmed El Hassani, Jonathan H. Tomkin, Harry D. Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Here we present new geochemical and magnetic susceptibility (MS) data from the Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Middle Devonian Eifelian-Givetian (E-G) boundary at Mech Irdane in the Anti-Atlas Mountains of eastern Morocco. These data come from 395 samples collected over a stratigraphic interval of ~. 20. m, beginning ~. 4.5. m below the boundary and extending to the Upper pumilio marker bed ~. 14.5. m above the boundary. MS data show long-term transgressive-regressive (T/R) eustatic cyclicity upon which is superimposed shorter-term climate cyclicity. Fourier analysis of these data yield high power at four frequencies that are consistent with Milankovitch-band orbital forcing: eccentricity (E1 and E2) at ~. 400 and ~. 100. kyr, obliquity (O1) at ~. 32. kyr, and precession (P2) at ~. 20. kyr, the latter two corrected for secular changes in Earth's orbit since the Middle Devonian. A floating-point time scale (FPTS) for the boundary interval has been developed using a P2 cyclicity that allows temporal resolution to ~. 10. kyr within the section. Based on the stratigraphic ranges of geochemical and MS anomalies, as well as previously reported biostratigraphic extinctions from the boundary interval, we estimate the Kaák Interval to extend from ~. 1.0. m below the E-G boundary to ~. 1.0. m above it, with a duration of.~200 ± 10. kyr. Geochemical proxies demonstrate that the Kák Interval was characterized by more reducing conditions, greater organic carbon burial, and an increase in the flux of detrital materials (especially clays), reflecting an increase in subaerial weathering rates. The pumilio beds, located ~. 12-15. m above the E-G boundary, were deposited during successive maximum highstands under conditions of elevated primary productivity and reduced detrital influx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-84
Number of pages11
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume304
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2011

Keywords

  • Climate cyclicity
  • Eifelian-Givetian boundary
  • Kaák bio-event
  • Magnetic susceptibility (MS)
  • Pumilio bio-event
  • Time-series analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

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