Defect structures induced by high-energy displacement cascades in γ uranium

Yinbin Miao, Benjamin Beeler, Chaitanya Deo, Michael I. Baskes, Maria A. Okuniewski, James F. Stubbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Displacement cascade simulations were conducted for the γ uranium system based on molecular dynamics. A recently developed modified embedded atom method (MEAM) potential was employed to replicate the atomic interactions while an embedded atom method (EAM) potential was adopted to help characterize the defect structures induced by the displacement cascades. The atomic displacement process was studied by providing primary knock-on atoms (PKAs) with kinetic energies from 1 keV to 50 keV. The influence of the PKA incident direction was examined. The defect structures were analyzed after the systems were fully relaxed. The states of the self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) were categorized into various types of dumbbells, the crowdion, and the octahedral interstitial. The voids were determined to have a polyhedral shape with {1 1 0} facets. The size distribution of the voids was also obtained. The results of this study not only expand the knowledge of the microstructural evolution in irradiated γ uranium, but also provide valuable references for the radiation-induced defects in uranium alloy fuels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume456
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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