Deeply-cooled water under strong confinement: Neutron scattering investigations and the liquid-liquid critical point hypothesis

Christopher E. Bertrand, Yang Zhang, Sow Hsin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

We present an overview of recent experimental investigations into the properties of strongly-confined water below the bulk freezing temperature. Under strong confinement, the crystallization of water is completely suppressed and the behavior of the confined liquid state can be measured at temperatures and pressures that are inaccessible to the bulk liquid. We focus on two phenomena that have recently been discovered in strongly confined water: the density minimum and the fragile-to-strong dynamic crossover. All experimental results seem to indicate that confined water undergoes a unique kind of transition below the bulk homogeneous nucleation limit. Much of the recent work on deeply-cooled water under strong confinement has been motivated by the liquid-liquid critical point (LLCP) hypothesis. We discuss this hypothesis in the context of the various experimental findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-745
Number of pages25
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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