### Abstract

We define a new logic, STRAND, that allows reasoning with heapmanipulating programs using deductive verification and SMT solvers. STRAND logic ("STRucture ANd Data" logic) formulas express constraints involving heap structures and the data they contain; they are defined over a class of pointer-structures ℛ defined using MSO-defined relations over trees, and are of the form ∃ x∀ yφ(x, y), where φ is a monadic second-order logic (MSO) formula with additional quantification that combines structural constraints as well as data-constraints, but where the data-constraints are only allowed to refer to x and y. The salient aspects of the logic are: (a) the logic is powerful, allowing existential and universal quantification over the nodes, and complex combinations of data and structural constraints; (b) checking Hoare-triples for linear blocks of statements with preconditions and post-conditions expressed as Boolean combinations of existential and universal STRAND formulas reduces to satisfiability of a STRAND formula; (c) there are powerful decidable fragments of STRAND, one semantically defined and one syntactically defined, where the decision procedure works by combining the theory of MSO over trees and the quantifier-free theory of the underlying data-logic.We demonstrate the effectiveness and practicality of the logic by checking verification conditions generated in proving properties of several heap-manipulating programs, using a tool that combines an MSO decision procedure over trees (MONA) with an SMT solver for integer constraints (Z3).

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | POPL'11 - Proceedings of the 38th Annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages |

Pages | 611-622 |

Number of pages | 12 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 1 2010 |

Event | 38th Annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages, POPL'11 - Austin, TX, United States Duration: Jan 26 2011 → Jan 28 2011 |

### Publication series

Name | Conference Record of the Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages |
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ISSN (Print) | 0730-8566 |

### Other

Other | 38th Annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages, POPL'11 |
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Country | United States |

City | Austin, TX |

Period | 1/26/11 → 1/28/11 |

### Keywords

- Automata
- Combining decision procedures
- Decidability
- Heap analysis
- Monadic second-order logic
- SMT solvers

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software

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## Cite this

*POPL'11 - Proceedings of the 38th Annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages*(pp. 611-622). (Conference Record of the Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages). https://doi.org/10.1145/1926385.1926455