Decentralized multi-task stochastic optimization with compressed communications

Navjot Singh, Xuanyu Cao, Suhas Diggavi, Tamer Başar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider a multi-agent network where each node has a stochastic (local) cost function that depends on the decision variable of that node and a random variable, and further, the decision variables of neighboring nodes are pairwise constrained. There is an aggregated objective function for the network, composed additively of the expected values of the local cost functions at the nodes, and the overall goal of the network is to obtain the minimizing solution to this aggregate objective function subject to all the pairwise constraints. This is to be achieved at the level of the nodes using decentralized information and local computation, with exchanges of only compressed information allowed by neighboring nodes. The paper develops algorithms and obtains performance bounds for two different models of local information availability at the nodes: (i) sample feedback, where each node has direct access to samples of the local random variable to evaluate its local cost, and (ii) bandit feedback, where samples of the random variables are not available, but only the values of the local cost functions at two random points close to the decision are available to each node. For both models, with compressed communication between neighbors, we have developed decentralized saddle-point algorithms that deliver performances no different (in order sense) from those without communication compression; specifically, we show that deviation from the global minimum value and violations of the constraints are upper-bounded by [Formula presented] and [Formula presented], respectively, where T is the number of iterations. Numerical examples provided in the paper corroborate these bounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111363
StatePublished - Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Bandit feedback
  • Compression
  • Decentralized stochastic optimization
  • Saddle-point algorithm
  • Sample feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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