Data-driven resilience quantification of the US Air transportation network

Keshav Ram Chandramouleeswaran, Huy T. Tran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents a data-driven approach for quantifying the resilience of an air transportation network using publicly available data. The methodology relies on a statistical measure, Mahalanobis distance, to detect atypical behavior in the network. This method is applied to parameters of interest from Bureau of Transportation Statistics flight data for the year 2012. The parameters are the total cancellations and average flight delay across all airports. The expected values for these parameters is first established for airports of interest on a given day of the week. The Mahalanobis distance for the network on a given day is then calculated based on these expected values and their variances. Periods with extreme distance values are deemed extreme events. We also separately estimate damages caused by various weather-related events using data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to verify results of the distance metric. The distance metric was able to capture impacts of major events like Hurricane Isaac, Hurricane Sandy, and the 2012 North American Blizzard. This method provides a quantitative approach for identifying events that significantly impact the air transportation network. The method can thus support decision-making in designing a more resilient network or air traffic control; for example, by evaluating alternative network topologies or producing training data for disruption impact prediction models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication12th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, SysCon 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636640
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2018
Event12th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, SysCon 2018 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Apr 24 2018Apr 26 2018

Publication series

Name12th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, SysCon 2018 - Proceedings

Other

Other12th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, SysCon 2018
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period4/24/184/26/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Control and Optimization

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