Data-driven adaptation of a union of sparsifying transforms for blind compressed sensing MRI reconstruction

Saiprasad Ravishankar, Yoram Bresler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Compressed Sensing has been demonstrated to be a powerful tool for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), where it enables accurate recovery of images from highly undersampled k-space measurements by exploiting the sparsity of the images or image patches in a transform domain or dictionary. In this work, we focus on blind compressed sensing, where the underlying sparse signal model is a priori unknown, and propose a framework to simultaneously reconstruct the underlying image as well as the unknown model from highly undersampled measurements. Specifically, our model is that the patches of the underlying MR image(s) are approximately sparse in a transform domain. We also extend this model to a union of transforms model that is better suited to capture the diversity of features in MR images. The proposed block coordinate descent type algorithms for blind compressed sensing are highly efficient. Our numerical experiments demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed framework for MRI compared to several recent image reconstruction methods. Importantly, the learning of a union of sparsifying transforms leads to better image reconstructions than a single transform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWavelets and Sparsity XVI
EditorsVivek K. Goyal, Dimitri Van De Ville, Dimitri Van De Ville, Manos Papadakis, Dimitri Van De Ville, Manos Papadakis, Vivek K. Goyal, Dimitri Van De Ville
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628417630, 9781628417630
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventWavelets and Sparsity XVI - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 10 2015Aug 12 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9597
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherWavelets and Sparsity XVI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/10/158/12/15

Fingerprint

Compressed sensing
unions
Compressed Sensing
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Magnetic resonance
Data-driven
magnetic resonance
Union
Transform
Imaging techniques
Image reconstruction
Image Reconstruction
image reconstruction
Patch
Coordinate Descent
Unknown
Glossaries
dictionaries
Model
K-space

Keywords

  • Compressed sensing
  • Dictionary learning
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Medical imaging
  • Sparse representations
  • Sparsifying transforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Ravishankar, S., & Bresler, Y. (2015). Data-driven adaptation of a union of sparsifying transforms for blind compressed sensing MRI reconstruction. In V. K. Goyal, D. Van De Ville, D. Van De Ville, M. Papadakis, D. Van De Ville, M. Papadakis, V. K. Goyal, ... D. Van De Ville (Eds.), Wavelets and Sparsity XVI [959713] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9597). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2188952

Data-driven adaptation of a union of sparsifying transforms for blind compressed sensing MRI reconstruction. / Ravishankar, Saiprasad; Bresler, Yoram.

Wavelets and Sparsity XVI. ed. / Vivek K. Goyal; Dimitri Van De Ville; Dimitri Van De Ville; Manos Papadakis; Dimitri Van De Ville; Manos Papadakis; Vivek K. Goyal; Dimitri Van De Ville. SPIE, 2015. 959713 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9597).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ravishankar, S & Bresler, Y 2015, Data-driven adaptation of a union of sparsifying transforms for blind compressed sensing MRI reconstruction. in VK Goyal, D Van De Ville, D Van De Ville, M Papadakis, D Van De Ville, M Papadakis, VK Goyal & D Van De Ville (eds), Wavelets and Sparsity XVI., 959713, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 9597, SPIE, Wavelets and Sparsity XVI, San Diego, United States, 8/10/15. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2188952
Ravishankar S, Bresler Y. Data-driven adaptation of a union of sparsifying transforms for blind compressed sensing MRI reconstruction. In Goyal VK, Van De Ville D, Van De Ville D, Papadakis M, Van De Ville D, Papadakis M, Goyal VK, Van De Ville D, editors, Wavelets and Sparsity XVI. SPIE. 2015. 959713. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2188952
Ravishankar, Saiprasad ; Bresler, Yoram. / Data-driven adaptation of a union of sparsifying transforms for blind compressed sensing MRI reconstruction. Wavelets and Sparsity XVI. editor / Vivek K. Goyal ; Dimitri Van De Ville ; Dimitri Van De Ville ; Manos Papadakis ; Dimitri Van De Ville ; Manos Papadakis ; Vivek K. Goyal ; Dimitri Van De Ville. SPIE, 2015. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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