Dark matter interpretation of excesses in multiple direct detection experiments

Noah Kurinsky, Daniel Baxter, Yonatan Kahn, Gordan Krnjaic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a novel unifying interpretation of excess event rates observed in several dark matter direct-detection experiments that utilize single-electron threshold semiconductor detectors. Despite their different locations, exposures, readout techniques, detector composition, and operating depths, these experiments all observe statistically significant excess event rates of ∼10 Hz/kg. However, none of these persistent excesses has yet been reported as a dark matter signal because individually, each can be attributed to different well-motivated but unmodeled backgrounds, and taken together, they cannot be explained by dark matter particles scattering elastically off detector nuclei or electrons. We show that these results can be reconciled if the semiconductor detectors are seeing a collective inelastic process, consistent with exciting a plasmon. We further show that plasmon excitation could arise in two compelling dark matter scenarios, both of which can explain rates of existing signal excesses in germanium and, at least at the order of magnitude level, across several single-electron threshold detectors. At least one of these scenarios also yields the correct relic density from thermal freeze-out. Both dark matter scenarios motivate a radical rethinking of the standard interpretations of dark matter-electron scattering from recent experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015017
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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