Cxcl14 Depletion Accelerates Skeletal Myogenesis by Promoting Cell Cycle Withdrawal

Rachel J Waldemer-Streyer, Adriana Reyes-Ordoñez, Dongwook Kim, Rongping Zhang, Nilmani Singh, Jie Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Skeletal muscle in adults retains a robust ability to regenerate after injury, which progressively declines with age. Many of the regulators of skeletal myogenesis are unknown or incompletely understood. Intriguingly, muscle cells secrete a wide variety of factors, such as cytokines, which can influence muscle development and regeneration in an autocrine or paracrine manner. Here we describe chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 14 (Cxcl14) as a novel negative regulator of skeletal myogenesis. We found that Cxcl14 expression in myoblasts prevented cell cycle withdrawal, thereby inhibiting subsequent differentiation. Knockdown of Cxcl14 in vitro enhanced myogenic differentiation through promoting cell cycle withdrawal in an ERK1/2-dependent manner. Recapitulating these in vitro observations, the process of muscle regeneration following injury in young adult mice was accelerated by Cxcl14 depletion, accompanied by reduced cell proliferation. Furthermore, impaired capacity for muscle regeneration in aging mice was fully restored by Cxcl14 depletion. Our results indicate that Cxcl14 may be a promising target for development of therapeutics to treat muscle disease, especially aging-related muscle wasting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Journalnpj Regenerative Medicine
StatePublished - 2017


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