Cutaneous antimicrobial preparation prior to intravenous catheterization in healthy dogs: Clinical, microbiological, and histopathological evaluation

Bradley R. Coolman, Sandra Manfra Marretta, Ibulaimu Kakoma, Matthew A. Wallig, Shindok L. Coolman, Allan J. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a one-minute chlorhexidine gluconate skin preparation protocol prior to cephalic vein catheterization. Twenty-three healthy beagle dogs had one leg aseptically prepared and the opposite leg served as a control. Twenty-six- and 77-hour time groups were studied. Chlorhexidine-treated legs had significantly lower cutaneous bacterial counts than the control legs prior to catheter insertion and prior to catheter withdrawal for both time groups. Control legs developed significantly more dermatitis than the treated legs after 77 h. A one-minute preparation with 4% chlorhexidine gluconate was an effective method for sustained reduction of cutaneous bacterial counts at peripheral intravenous catheter insertion points in dogs. Increased cutaneous bacterial counts were associated with significantly more microscopic dermatitis in untreated legs after 77 h of catheterization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-763
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Veterinary Journal
Volume39
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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