Current emotion research in cognitive neuroscience: Linking enhancing and impairing effects of emotion on cognition

Florin Dolcos, Ekaterina Denkova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Emotions can have both enhancing and impairing effects on various cognitive processes, from lower (e.g., perceptual) to higher level (e.g., mnemonic and executive) processes. The present article discusses emerging brain imaging evidence linking these opposing effects of emotion, which points to overlapping and dissociable neural systems involving both bottom-up and top-down mechanisms. The link between the enhancing and impairing effects is also discussed in a clinical context, with a focus on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), where these opposing effects tend to co-occur, are exacerbated, and are detrimental. Overall, the present review highlights the need to consider together enhancing and impairing effects of emotion on cognition in studies investigating emotion-cognition interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-375
Number of pages14
JournalEmotion Review
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2014

Keywords

  • affective dysregulation
  • emotion control/regulation
  • emotion perception
  • emotional distraction
  • emotional disturbances
  • emotional memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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