Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction: The Role of Dialecticism

Ethan Zell, Rong Su, Hong Li, Moon Ho Ringo Ho, Sungjin Hong, Tarcan Kumkale, Sarah D. Stauffer, Gregory Zecca, Huajian Cai, Sonia Roccas, Javier Arce-Michel, Cristina de Sousa, Rolando Diaz-Loving, Maria Mercedes Botero, Lucia Mannetti, Claudia Garcia, Pilar Carrera, Amparo Cabalero, Masatake Ikemi, Darius ChanAllan Bernardo, Fernando Garcia, Inge Brechan, Greg Maio, Dolores Albarracin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current research examined whether nations differ in their attitudes toward action and inaction. It was anticipated that members of dialectical East Asian societies would show a positive association in their attitudes toward action/inaction. However, members of non-dialectical European-American societies were expected to show a negative association in their attitudes toward action/inaction. Young adults in 19 nations completed measures of dialectical thinking and attitudes toward action/inaction. Results from multi-level modeling showed, as predicted, that people from high dialecticism nations reported a more positive association in their attitudes toward action and inaction than people from low dialecticism nations. Furthermore, these findings remained after controlling for cultural differences in individualism-collectivism, neuroticism, gross-domestic product, and response style. Discussion highlights the implications of these findings for action/inaction goals, dialecticism, and culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-528
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

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Keywords

  • action research
  • attitudes
  • attitudinal ambivalence
  • culture and cognition
  • culture/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction : The Role of Dialecticism. / Zell, Ethan; Su, Rong; Li, Hong; Ho, Moon Ho Ringo; Hong, Sungjin; Kumkale, Tarcan; Stauffer, Sarah D.; Zecca, Gregory; Cai, Huajian; Roccas, Sonia; Arce-Michel, Javier; de Sousa, Cristina; Diaz-Loving, Rolando; Botero, Maria Mercedes; Mannetti, Lucia; Garcia, Claudia; Carrera, Pilar; Cabalero, Amparo; Ikemi, Masatake; Chan, Darius; Bernardo, Allan; Garcia, Fernando; Brechan, Inge; Maio, Greg; Albarracin, Dolores.

In: Social Psychological and Personality Science, Vol. 4, No. 5, 09.2013, p. 521-528.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zell, E, Su, R, Li, H, Ho, MHR, Hong, S, Kumkale, T, Stauffer, SD, Zecca, G, Cai, H, Roccas, S, Arce-Michel, J, de Sousa, C, Diaz-Loving, R, Botero, MM, Mannetti, L, Garcia, C, Carrera, P, Cabalero, A, Ikemi, M, Chan, D, Bernardo, A, Garcia, F, Brechan, I, Maio, G & Albarracin, D 2013, 'Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction: The Role of Dialecticism', Social Psychological and Personality Science, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 521-528. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550612468774, https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550612468774
Zell, Ethan ; Su, Rong ; Li, Hong ; Ho, Moon Ho Ringo ; Hong, Sungjin ; Kumkale, Tarcan ; Stauffer, Sarah D. ; Zecca, Gregory ; Cai, Huajian ; Roccas, Sonia ; Arce-Michel, Javier ; de Sousa, Cristina ; Diaz-Loving, Rolando ; Botero, Maria Mercedes ; Mannetti, Lucia ; Garcia, Claudia ; Carrera, Pilar ; Cabalero, Amparo ; Ikemi, Masatake ; Chan, Darius ; Bernardo, Allan ; Garcia, Fernando ; Brechan, Inge ; Maio, Greg ; Albarracin, Dolores. / Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction : The Role of Dialecticism. In: Social Psychological and Personality Science. 2013 ; Vol. 4, No. 5. pp. 521-528.
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