Crystallography and microstructural studies of phase transformations in the Dy2O3 system

Youn Joong Kim, Waltraud M. Kriven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The crystallography, microstructures, and phase transformation mechanisms in dysprosia (Dy2O3) have been studied. The lattice parameters of B and C phases were refined by x-ray diffraction (XRD). The modulated structures and decomposed structures in the CaO-doped samples were characterized by transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM). A new twin was observed in the modulated B phase. Contrary to the previous studies, the B to C transformation was induced by grinding. The A to B transformation was considered to be ferroelastic and the spontaneous strain was calculated. The major driving force for the B (monoclinic) to C (cubic) transformation is suggested to be the release of lattice strains and cation charge repulsions in the B structure, which is analogous to the β (monoclinic) to γ (orthorhombic) transformation in Ca2SiO4. This transformation can be displacive, if some conditions are provided to overcome the bonding energy of the interlayer oxygens in the B structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2920-2931
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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