Crystal structure and thermal expansion of a CsCe2Cl7 scintillator

M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, B. C. Chakoumakos, R. Custelcean, F. Meilleur, R. W. Hughes, W. M. Kriven, C. L. Melcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We used single-crystal X-ray diffraction data to determine crystal structure of CsCe2Cl7. It crystallizes in a P1121/b space group with a=19.352(1) Å, b=19.352(1) Å, c=14.838(1) Å, γ=119.87(2)°, and V=4818.6(5) Å3. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements combined with the structural evolution of CsCe2Cl7 via X-ray diffractometry over a temperature range from room temperature to the melting point indicates no obvious intermediate solid-solid phase transitions. The anisotropy in the average linear coefficient of thermal expansion of the a axis (21.3×10-6/°C) with respect to the b and c axes (27.0×10-6/°C) was determined through lattice parameter refinement of the temperature dependent diffraction patterns. These findings suggest that the reported cracking behavior during melt growth of CsCe2Cl7 bulk crystals using conventional Bridgman and Czochralski techniques may be largely attributed to the anisotropy in thermal expansion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume227
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Crystal growth
  • Crystal structure
  • Scintillator
  • Thermal expansion
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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