Cryoradiolysis of oxygenated cytochrome P450 17A1 with lyase substrates generates expected products

Remigio Usai, Ilia G. Denisov, Stephen G. Sligar, James R. Kincaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


When subjected to γ-irradiation at cryogenic temperatures the oxygenated complexes of Cytochrome P450 CYP17A1 (CYP17A1) bound with either of the lyase substrates, 17α-Hydroxypregnenolone (17-OH PREG) or 17α-Hydroxyprogesterone (17-OH PROG) are shown to generate the corresponding lyase products, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione (AD) respectively. The current study uses gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to document the presence of the initial substrates and products in extracts of the processed samples. A rapid and efficient method for the simultaneous determination of residual substrate and products by GC/MS is described without derivatization of the products. It is also shown that no lyase products were detected for similarly treated control samples containing no nanodisc associated CYP17 enzyme, demonstrating that the product is formed during the enzymatic reaction and not by GC/MS conditions, nor the conditions produced by the cryoradiolysis process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112582
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
StatePublished - Aug 2024


  • 17α-Hydroxypregnenolone
  • 17α-Hydroxyprogesterone
  • Cryoradiolysis
  • Cytochrome P450 17A1
  • GC/MS
  • Heme proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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