Cross-sectional and longitudinal tests of the personality and role identity structural model (PRISM)

Dustin Wood, Brent W. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A conceptual hierarchy termed the Personality and Role Identity Structural Model, or PRISM, is offered as a framework for incorporating situational information into trait models. PRISM assumes that personality is structured hierarchically with general dispositions subsuming context-specific dispositions (role identities), which, in turn, subsume role-based thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. At Wave 1 (N = 149), we found that general traits account for commonalities across traits measured within role identities and that role identities mediate the relationship between general traits and role criteria. In a longitudinal follow-up of a subsample of the original participants (Wave 2; N = 62), we found that general traits and role-identity traits were more stable than role experiences over time. Also, changes in role experiences were related to changes in role-identity traits, and, in turn, changes in role-identity traits were related to changes in general traits. The potential of PRISM for use in understanding the development of personality traits is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-810
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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