Cross-cultural evidence for the two-facet structure of pride

Yan Shi, Joanne M. Chung, Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, Richard W. Robins, Xiao Chen, Yong Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Across six studies conducted in Mainland China and South Korea, the present research extended prior findings showing that pride is comprised of two distinct conceptual and experiential facets in the U.S.: a pro-social, achievement-oriented "authentic pride", and an arrogant, self-aggrandizing "hubristic pride". This same two-facet structure emerged in Chinese participants' semantic conceptualizations of pride (Study 1), Chinese and Koreans' dispositional tendencies to experience pride (Studies 2, 3a, and 3b), Chinese and Koreans' momentary pride experiences (Studies 3a, 3b, and 5), and Americans' pride experiences using descriptors derived indigenously in Korea (Study 4). Together, these studies provide the first evidence that the two-facet structure of pride generalizes to cultures with highly divergent views of pride and self-enhancement processes from North America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Authentic pride
  • Causal attributions
  • Cultural psychology
  • Hubristic pride
  • Self-conscious emotions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • General Psychology


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