Cranial deformation and nonmetric trait variation

Lyle W. Konigsberg, Luci A.P. Kohn, James M. Cheverud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cranial deformation is known to influence many traditional craniometric variables, but its effects on nonmetric trait variation are not well characterized. In this study, we examine the effects of three types of deformation (annular, lambdoid flattening, and fronto‐occipital) on nonmetric traits, using a large sample of protohistoric and prehistoric crania. Our results indicate that a few traits are increased or decreased in relative frequency by particular types of deformation, but that these effects have little impact on the calculation of biological distances between groups. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-48
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican journal of physical anthropology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Biological distance
  • Native Americans
  • Skeletal biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Anthropology


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