We investigated the apoptotic pathway activated by crambene (1-cyano-2-hydroxy-3-butene), a plant nitrile, on pancreatic acinar cells. As evidenced by annexin V-FITC staining, crambene treatment for 3 h induced the apoptosis but not necrosis of pancreatic acini. Caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities in acini treated with crambene were significantly higher than in untreated acini. Treatment with caspase-3, -8, and -9 inhibitors inhibited annexin V staining, as well as caspase-3 activity, pointing to an important role of these caspases in crambene-induced acinar cell apoptosis. The mitochondrial membrane potential was collapsed, and cytochrome c was released from the mitochondria in crambene-treated acini. Neither TNF-α nor Fas ligand levels were changed in pancreatic acinar cells after crambene treatment. These results provide evidence for the induction of pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis in vitro by crambene and suggest the involvement of mitochondrial pathway in pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - 2006|
- Cytochrome c
- Membrane potential
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)