Cr-Mo solid solutions forced by high-energy ball milling

J. D. Hahn, Fang Wu, P. Bellon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mixtures of Cr and Mo elemental powders, with the nominal compositions Cr25Mo75, Cr50Mo50, and Cr 75Mo25, are processed by high-energy ball milling at ambient temperature. Milling is observed to force the mixing of the immiscible bcc elements Cr and Mo into solid solutions. The lattice parameter of these solid solutions, measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD), displays the expected positive deviation from Vegard's law. These deviations are compared to the ones predicted by Eshelby's inclusion model for dilute alloys. The conventional Williamson-Hall approach is shown to fail to determine the grain size in as-milled samples, probably due to the high density of dislocations. Annealing at 700 °C for 10 hours under argon leads to a large reduction in structural defect density, without inducing any significant decomposition. The mixing measured in Cr-Mo is discussed in the broader context of the mechanical mixing forced by ball milling in moderately immiscible systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1105-1111
Number of pages7
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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