Coulomb interaction energy in optical and quantum computing applications of self-assembled quantum dots

R. Bose, H. T. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrons and holes confined in semiconductor quantum dots are affected energetically by Coulomb charge interactions. In this work, the influence of Coulomb interactions is considered for optical and quantum computing applications of quantum dots. For example, the operating frequencies of photoemitters and detectors depend on these transition energies, and some proposed charge-based quantum computing devices use these interactions to identify the binary state of a quantum qubit. To study these applications, the energy changes due to Coulomb attraction-repulsion effects are calculated here and compared with the transition energies for states confined in a single dot or occupying different, neighboring dots. The exciton binding energies for states within the same dot are non-negligible, even for large dots. The importance of this conclusion for quantum dot optical applications is discussed. Conversely, for realistic self-assembled lateral arrays of quantum dots, it is shown that the energy of charge interactions between neighboring dots is not high enough to be measured in practice. The difficulty that this poses for proposed charge-based quantum computing applications is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-53
Number of pages11
JournalMicroelectronic Engineering
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004
EventProceedings of the Symposium on Characterization - Phoenix, AZ, United States
Duration: Jun 17 2003Jun 20 2003

Keywords

  • Coulomb interactions
  • Exictons
  • Quantum computing
  • Quantun dots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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