Reference point indentation (RPI) is a novel experimental technique designed to evaluate bone quality. This study utilizes two RPI instruments, BioDent and Osteoprobe, to investigate the mechanical responses of several 3D-printed polymers. We correlated the mechanical properties from a tensile test with the RPI parameters obtained from the BioDent and OsteoProbe. In addition, we tested the same polymers five years later (Age 5). The results show that for Age 0 polymers, the elastic modulus is highly correlated with average unloading slope (r = 0.87), first unloading slope (r = 0.85), bone material strength index (BMSi) (r = 0.85), average loading slope (r = 0.82), first indentation distance (r = 0.79), and total indentation distance (r = 0.76). The ultimate stress correlates significantly with first unloading slope (r = 0.85), average unloading slope (r = 0.83), BMSi (r = 0.81), first indentation distance (r = 0.73), average loading slope (r = 0.71), and total indentation distance (r = 0.70). The elongation has no significant correlation with the RPI parameters except with the average creep indentation distance (r = 0.60). For Age 5 polymers, correlations between mechanical properties and RPI parameters are low. This study illustrates the potential of RPI to assess the mechanical properties of polymers nondestructively with simple sample requirements. Furthermore, for the first time, 3D-printed polymers and aged polymers are investigated with RPI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number085118
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation


Dive into the research topics of 'Correlation between reference point indentation and mechanical properties of 3D-printed polymers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this