Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease with genetic, biochemical and environmental risk factors. We observed a significant increase in copper levels in choroid-RPE from donor eyeballs with AMD. Adult retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE19 cells) exposed to copper in-vitro showed a 2-fold increase in copper influx transporter CTR1 and copper uptake at 50 μM concentration. Further there was 2-fold increase in cytochrome C oxidase activity and a 2-fold increase in the mRNA expression of NRF 2 with copper treatment. There was a significant increase in mitochondrial biogenesis markers PGC1β and TFAM which was confirmed by mitochondrial mass and copy number. On the contrary, in AMD choroid-RPE, the CTR1 mRNA was found to be significantly down-regulated compared to its respective controls. SCO1 and PGC1β mRNA showed an increase in choroid–RPE. Our study proposes copper to play an important role in mitochondrial biogenesis in RPE cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2020|
- Mitochondrial biogenesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology