Copper, Earth, and Water: More Details from the Emerald Acropolis

Timothy R. Pauketat, Susan M. Alt, Jeffery D. Kruchten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


University of Illinois and Indiana University excavations at the Emerald site (11S1) in 2012-2016 revealed that this unusual hilltop shrine complex had been anthropogenically enhanced through a series of temporally isolated, construction pulses. Between each pulse it rained or it snowed. In this presentation, we outline the stratigraphic and micromorphological evidence of these pulses. Then, we highlight their relationship to a copper deposit, where flecks of the hammered metal are closely associated with water-laid sediments. We infer that the copper deposit was not a workshop, per se, but an offering to or in water.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgram and Abstracts - 63rd Annual Meeting
StatePublished - 2019


  • ISAS


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