COPD: Using nutrition to prevent respiratory function decline

Karen M. Chapman, Lewis Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Close to three-fourths of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffer from weight loss. Identifying a single cause for this is difficult, as several factors - including chronic mouth breathing, dyspnea, aerophagia, certain medications, and depression-often act in concert. Malnutrition can exacerbate symptoms of COPD by decreasing ventilatory muscle strengh, exercise tolerance,and immunocompetence, and by increasing the risk of depression and anxiety. Goals of nutrition intervention are to prevent or reverse malnutrition without worsening the disease process and to improve respiratory function, thereby reducing morbidity and delaying mortality. Recommendations for intake of fats, carbohydrates, protein, and water must be individualized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatrics
Volume51
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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