Close to three-fourths of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffer from weight loss. Identifying a single cause for this is difficult, as several factors - including chronic mouth breathing, dyspnea, aerophagia, certain medications, and depression-often act in concert. Malnutrition can exacerbate symptoms of COPD by decreasing ventilatory muscle strengh, exercise tolerance,and immunocompetence, and by increasing the risk of depression and anxiety. Goals of nutrition intervention are to prevent or reverse malnutrition without worsening the disease process and to improve respiratory function, thereby reducing morbidity and delaying mortality. Recommendations for intake of fats, carbohydrates, protein, and water must be individualized.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology