The phosphonate class of natural products have received significant interests in the post-genomic era due to the relative ease with which their biosynthetic genes may be identified and the resultant final products be characterized. Recent large-scale studies of the elucidation and distributions of phosphonate pathways have provided a robust landscape for deciphering the underlying biosynthetic logic. A recurrent theme in phosphonate biosynthetic pathways is the interweaving of enzymatic reactions across different routes, which enables diversification to elaborate chemically novel scaffolds. Here, we provide a few vignettes of how Nature has utilized both convergent and divergent biosynthetic strategies to compile pathways for production of novel phosphonates. These examples illustrate how common intermediates may either be generated or intercepted to diversify chemical scaffolds and provides a starting point for both biotechnological and synthetic biological applications towards new phosphonates by similar combinatorial approaches.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry