### Abstract

In this paper, the question of expected time to convergence is addressed for unbiased quantized consensus on undirected connected graphs, and some strong results are obtained. The paper first provides a tight expression for the expected convergence time of the unbiased quantized consensus over general but fixed networks. It is shown that the maximum expected convergence time lies within a constant factor of the maximum hitting time of an appropriate lazy random walk, using the theory of harmonic functions for reversible Markov chains. Following this, and using electric resistance analogy of the reversible Markov chains, the paper provides an upper bound of O(nmD log n) for the expected convergence time to consensus, where n, m and D, denote, respectively, the number of nodes, the number of edges, and the diameter of the network. Moreover, the paper shows that the above upper bound is tight up to a factor of log n for some simple graphs such as line graph and cycle. Finally, the results are extended to bound the expected convergence time of the underlying dynamics in time-varying networks. Modeling such dynamics as the evolution of a time inhomogeneous Markov chain, the paper derives an upper bound for the expected convergence time of the dynamics using the spectral representation of the networks. This upper bound is significantly better than earlier ones given for different quantized consensus protocols over time-varying graphs.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 7117385 |

Pages (from-to) | 443-455 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control |

Volume | 61 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Feb 2016 |

### Keywords

- Convergence time
- Markov chains
- quantized consensus
- random walk
- spectral representation
- time varying networks

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering