Controlling the CO oxidation rate over Pt/TiO2 catalysts by defect engineering of the TiO2 support

Y. P.Gavin Chua, G. T.Kasun Kalhara Gunasooriya, Mark Saeys, Edmund G. Seebauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The activity and selectivity of supported metal clusters can in principle be manipulated by controlling the electronic properties of the support, as initially proposed by Schwab. To quantitatively demonstrate this effect, a series of anatase TiO2 thin films with an order of magnitude variation in the carrier concentration were grown by atomic layer deposition. The change in the TiO2 carrier concentration influences the electronic properties of supported Pt clusters, as shown by photoelectron spectroscopy. The gradual increase in the carrier concentration increases the CO oxidation rate over the Pt/TiO2 catalysts by 70% for excess CO conditions and decreases the rate by 30% for excess O2 conditions, providing a quantitative connection between the support properties and the measured reaction rate. Density functional theory calculations and natural bond analysis show that charge injection into Pt clusters reduces the CO adsorption energy due to increased Pauli repulsion, which is consistent with the observed changes in the reaction rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-313
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume311
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Anatase
  • CO oxidation
  • Carrier concentration
  • Defect engineering
  • Density functional theory
  • Pt
  • Support effect
  • TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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