Controlling intermetallic compound formation reaction between Sn and Ni-P by Zn addition

X. F. Zhang, J. D. Guo, J. K. Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Effects of Zn addition on the interfacial reaction between Sn and Ni(P) were investigated by systematically varying the Zn concentration in the Sn solder. It was found that the typical Ni-Sn reaction product, Ni3Sn4 phase, was changed substantially by adding small amounts of Zn to the Sn. With the Zn addition, the ternary Ni4(Sn1-x,Znx) phase formed at the interface during reflow and aging according to X-ray diffraction analysis. In the Ni4(Sn1-x,Znx) phase, the lattice parameters contracted with increasing Zn content, in agreement with the Vegard's law. Since diffusions of the reactive species through the denser ternary intermetallic compound were more unlikely than through the binary Ni3Sn4, the Zn-containing solder showed a much slower electroless Ni-P consumption rate than Sn. The decrease in Ni consumption rate increased with the increasing Zn content in Sn. The reason for the decrease was that the growth rate of Ni4(Sn1-x,Znx) phase was directly determined by substitution of Zn atoms into the Sn sublattice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-510
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jun 24 2009


  • Electroless Ni-P
  • Interfacial reaction
  • Intermetallic compound
  • Tin
  • Zn addition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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