Contralateral noise effects on otoacoustic emissions and electrophysiologic responses in normal-hearing adults

Ian B. Mertes, Morgan E. Potocki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Contralateral noise inhibits the amplitudes of cochlear and neural responses. These measures may hold potential diagnostic utility. The medial olivocochlear (MOC) reflex underlies the inhibition of cochlear responses but the extent to which it contributes to inhibition of neural responses remains unclear. Mertes and Leek [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 140, 2027-2038 (2016)] recently examined contralateral inhibition of cochlear responses [transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)] and neural responses [auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs)] in humans and found that the two measures were not correlated, but potential confounds of older age and hearing loss were present. The current study controlled for these confounds by examining a group of young, normal-hearing adults. Additionally, measurements of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) were obtained. Responses were elicited using clicks with and without contralateral broadband noise. Changes in TEOAE and ASSR magnitude as well as ABR wave V latency were examined. Results indicated that contralateral inhibition of ASSRs was significantly larger than that of TEOAEs and that the two measures were uncorrelated. Additionally, there was no significant change in wave V latency. Results suggest that further work is needed to understand the mechanism underlying contralateral inhibition of the ASSR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2255-2267
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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