Continuous production of butanol from starch-based packing peanuts

Thaddeus C. Ezeji, Marisa Groberg, Nasib Qureshi, Hans P. Blaschek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acetone, butanol, ethanol (ABE, or solvents) were produced from starch-based packing peanuts in batch and continuous reactors. In a batch reactor, 18.9 g/L of total ABE was produced from 80 g/L packing peanuts in 110 h of fermentation. The initial and final starch concentrations were 69.6 and 11.1 g/L, respectively. In this fermentation, ABE yield and productivity of 0.32 and 0.17 g/(L·h) were obtained, respectively. Compared to the batch fermentation, continuous fermentation of 40 g/L of starch-based packing peanuts in P2 medium resulted in a maximum solvent production of 8.4 g/L at a dilution rate of 0.033 h-1. This resulted in a productivity of 0.27 g/(L·h). However, the reactor was not stable and fermentation deteriorated with time. Continuous fermentation of 35 g/L of starch solution resulted in a similar performance. These studies were performed in a vertical column reactor using Clostridium beijerinckii BA101 and P2 medium. It is anticipated that prolonged exposure of culture to acrylamide, which is formed during boiling/autoclaving of starch, affects the fermentation negatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-382
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
Volume106
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • Butanol
  • Clostridium beijerinckii BA101
  • Continuous fermentation
  • Dilution rate
  • Reactor
  • Starch-based packing peanuts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology

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