Continuous Cycling Peritoneal Dialysis Is Associated With Lower Rates of Catheter Infections Than Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

Jean L. Holley, Judith Bernardini, Beth Piraino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), unlike continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), provides freedom from daytime exchanges and is associated with lower rates of peritonitis. However, catheter infection (CI) rates have not been reported for CCPD. Previous data suggested that a CAPD disconnect system (Y set) was associated with lower rates of Cl. These results suggested that patients on CCPD, which is also a disconnect system, might also have low CI rates. We evaluated our CCPD patients for infection rates and compared them with two groups of matched control CAPD patients, one using a spike system and one a Yset disconnect system to evaluate this hypothesis. The CCPD patients had the lowest rates of Cis (0.5 episodes per year or one episode every 25 months), followed by the CAPD patients using the Y-set (0.8 episodes per year or one episode every 14 months). CAPD patients using the spike system had the highest rates of Cls (1.2 episodes per year or one episode every 10 months). Peritonitis rates followed the same pattern among the patient groups: CCPD, 0.3 episodes per year; CAPD, Y-set 0.5 episodes per year; CAPD, spike system 1.3 episodes per year. Our data suggest that disconnect systems, such as the CAPD Yset and CCPD, reduce Cls, as well as peritonitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-136
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
  • catheter infections
  • continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • disconnect systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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