Contexts of English language use among immigrants to the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This analysis of New Immigrant Survey data indicates that the longer immigrants are in the U.S., the more likely they are to use English with friends, at work, at home, and with a spouse. The average immigrant arriving as a young adult has a predicted probability of using English with friends upon arrival of 0.44, a figure that doubles after 15 years in the U.S. The same average immigrant has a 0.40 probability of using English at home upon arrival, which rises to 0.55 after 15 years. The results suggest substantial language shift with the first generation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-955
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Migration Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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