Context-dependent influence of threat on honey bee social network dynamics and brain gene expression

Ian M. Traniello, Adam R. Hamilton, Tim Gernat, Amy C. Cash-Ahmed, Gyan P. Harwood, Allyson M. Ray, Abigail Glavin, Jacob Torres, Nigel Goldenfeld, Gene E. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adverse social experience affects social structure by modifying the behavior of individuals, but the relationship between an individual’s behavioral state and its response to adversity is poorly understood. We leveraged naturally occurring division of labor in honey bees and studied the biological embedding of environmental threat using laboratory assays and automated behavioral tracking of whole colonies. Guard bees showed low intrinsic levels of sociability compared with foragers and nurse bees, but large increases in sociability following exposure to a threat. Threat experience also modified the expression of caregiving-related genes in a brain region called the mushroom bodies. These results demonstrate that the biological embedding of environmental experience depends on an individual’s societal role and, in turn, affects its future sociability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjeb243738
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Apis mellifera
  • Automated behavioral tracking
  • Biological embedding
  • Neurogenomics
  • Social insects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology


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