This letter reports contact potential measurement between the tip of a heated atomic force microscope cantilever and a biased gold film. Force-distance experiments were performed with tip temperature, tip potential, and substrate potential independently controlled. Experiments were conducted for probe temperatures of 23 to 200 °C and tip potentials of -1 V to 1 V. The measured contact potential was a function of temperature, due to the thermoelectric properties of the tip and substrate. The Seebeck coefficient for the combined system was close to -4.30 mVK, consistent with the tip and substrate materials. The technique is scalable to arrays suitable for large area imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number143111
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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