Consumption of Amaranth Induces the Accumulation of the Antioxidant Protein Paraoxonase/Arylesterase 1 and Modulates Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Activity in Plasma of Streptozotocin-Induced Hyperglycemic Rats

Aída J. Velarde-Salcedo, Evelyn Regalado-Rentería, Rodrigo Velarde-Salcedo, Bertha I. Juárez-Flores, Alberto Barrera-Pacheco, Elvira González De Mejía, Ana P. Barba De La Rosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aim: Amaranth is a source of several bioactive compounds, among which peptides with inhibitory activity upon dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) have been reported. However, there is no information about the action of amaranth DPP-IV-inhibitory peptides using in vivo models. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of amaranth consumption on plasma and kidney DPP-IV activity as well the changes in plasma proteome profile of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats. Methods: Rats were fed for 12 weeks with a diet containing 20% popped amaranth grain. Kidneys and blood samples were collected for lipid profile, DPP-IV activity and expression, and proteomic analysis. Results: Total cholesterol and DPP-IV activity in plasma was increased in hyperglycemic rats, but this effect was reverted by amaranth consumption. Triacylglycerols were increased in the hyperglycemic group fed amaranth, and the highest levels of high-density lipoproteins were also observed in this group. These data correlated with the accumulation of apolipoprotein A-II in plasma. Accumulation of the antioxidant protein paraoxonase/arylesterase 1 in STZ-induced hyperglycemic rats was observed when amaranth was supplied in the diet. Conclusion: This study provides new insights into the molecular mechanisms by which amaranth exerts its beneficial health action in a hyperglycemic state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
Volume10
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Amaranth
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Plasma lipid profile
  • Plasma proteome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Genetics

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