Construction and characterization of two anti-sweetener single chain antibodies using radioligand binding, fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy

David W. Pledger, Thomas C. Brodnicki, Brent L. Graham, Sergey Tetin, David M. Kranz, D. Scott Linthicum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two single-chain antibodies (scFv) that bind the superpotent sweetener ligand, NC-174, were generated from mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAb) NC6.8 (IgG, κ) and NC10.14 (IgG, λ). These scFv were constructed by cloning the variable region sequences of the mAb, connecting them in tandem with a 25-amino-acid polypeptide linker, and expressing them in E. coli using the pET-11a system. The recombinant proteins were purified using Ni2+-NTA-agarose by virtue of a hexahistidine sequence introduced to the C-terminus of the heavy chain variable region during the cloning process. The secondary structure and ligand binding properties of the two scFv, the parent mAbs and proteolytically derived Fab fragments were examined using radioligand binding, circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence spectroscopy. The far-UV CD spectra of both scFv possessed predominantly β character, as did those of the Fab, and the near-UV CD spectral data for scFvNC10.14, NC6.8 and NC10.14 Fab indicated that chromophore perturbation occurred upon ligand binding. The affinity constants determined for the two scFv, Fab and mAb were nearly equivalent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-266
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Recognition
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • Monoclonal
  • Single-chain
  • Spectroscopy
  • Sweetener

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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