Constraining the earliest circumstellar disks and their envelopes

Hsin Fang Chiang, Leslie W. Looney, Konstantinos Tassis, Lee G. Mundy, Telemachos Ch Mouschovias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using interferometric data from BIMA observations, combined with detailed modeling in Fourier space of the physical structures predicted by models, we constrain the circumstellar envelope parameters for four Class 0 young stellar objects, as well as their embedded circumstellar disks. The envelopes of these objects are still undergoing collapse, and theoretical collapse models can be compared to the observations. Since it has been suggested in a previous study that both the Larson-Penston and Shu similarity solutions underestimate the age of the system, we adopt Tassis & Mouschovias' model of the collapse process, which includes all relevant magnetic fields effects. The results of the model fitting show a good consistency between theory and data; furthermore, no age problem exists, since the Tassis & Mouschovias' model is age independent for the first 255 kyr. Although the majority of the continuum dust emission arises from the circumstellar envelopes, these objects have well-known outflows, which suggest the presence of circumstellar disks. At the highest resolution, most of the large-scale envelope emission is resolved out by interferometry, but the small-scale residual emission remains, making it difficult to observe only the compact disk component. By modeling the emission of the envelope and subtracting it from the total emission, we constrain the disk masses in our four systems to be comparable to or smaller than the typical disk masses for T Tauri systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-482
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume680
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2008

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Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Magnetic fields
  • Radio continuum: stars
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence
  • Techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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