Consistency between reflection momentum-resolved electron energy loss spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy measurements of the long-wavelength density response of Bi2Sr2CaCu2 O8+x

Jin Chen, Xuefei Guo, Christian Boyd, Simon Bettler, Caitlin Kengle, Dipanjan Chaudhuri, Farzaneh Hoveyda, Ali Husain, John Schneeloch, Genda Gu, Philip Phillips, Bruno Uchoa, Tai Chang Chiang, Peter Abbamonte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The density fluctuation spectrum captures many fundamental properties of strange metals. Using momentum-resolved electron energy loss spectroscopy (M-EELS), we recently showed that the density response of the strange metal Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x (Bi-2212) at large momentum, q, exhibits a constant-in-frequency continuum [M. Mitrano, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 115, 5392 (2018)0027-842410.1073/pnas.1721495115; A. A. Husain, Phys. Rev. X 9, 041062 (2019)2160-330810.1103/PhysRevX.9.041062] reminiscent of the marginal Fermi liquid (MFL) hypothesis of the late 1980s [C. M. Varma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1996 (1989)0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.63.1996]. However, reconciling this observation with infrared (IR) optics experiments, which show a well-defined plasmon excitation at q∼0, has been challenging. Here we report M-EELS measurements of Bi-2212 using 4× improved momentum resolution, allowing us to reach the optical limit. For momenta q<0.04 reciprocal lattice unites (r.l.u.), the M-EELS data show a plasmon feature that is quantitatively consistent with IR optics. For q>0.04 r.l.u., the spectra become incoherent with an MFL-like, constant-in-frequency form. We speculate that, at finite frequency, ω, and nonzero q, some attribute of this Planckian metal randomizes the probe electron, causing it to lose information about its own momentum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045108
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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