Conscientiousness and health-related behaviors: A meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Previous research has established conscientiousness as a predictor of longevity (H. S. Friedman et al., 1993; L. R. Martin & H. S. Friedman, 2000). To better understand this relationship, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of conscientiousness-related traits and the leading behavioral contributors to mortality in the United States (tobacco use, diet and activity patterns, excessive alcohol use, violence, risky sexual behavior, risky driving, suicide, and drug use). Data sources were located by combining conscientiousness-related terms and relevant health-related behavior terms in database searches as well as by retrieving dissertations and requesting unpublished data from electronic mailing lists. The resulting database contained 194 studies that were quantitatively synthesized. Results showed that conscientiousness-related traits were negatively related to all risky health-related behaviors and positively related to all beneficial health-related behaviors. This study demonstrates the importance of conscientiousness' contribution to the health process through its relationship to health-related behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)887-919
Number of pages33
JournalPsychological bulletin
Volume130
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

Fingerprint

Meta-Analysis
Mortality
Health
Databases
Information Storage and Retrieval
Tobacco Use
Violence
Sexual Behavior
Suicide
Alcohols
Diet
Research
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Conscientiousness and health-related behaviors : A meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality. / Bogg, Tim; Roberts, Brent W.

In: Psychological bulletin, Vol. 130, No. 6, 01.11.2004, p. 887-919.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{633cfe4a2d7e419ca9f8bb2a65d70942,
title = "Conscientiousness and health-related behaviors: A meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality",
abstract = "Previous research has established conscientiousness as a predictor of longevity (H. S. Friedman et al., 1993; L. R. Martin & H. S. Friedman, 2000). To better understand this relationship, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of conscientiousness-related traits and the leading behavioral contributors to mortality in the United States (tobacco use, diet and activity patterns, excessive alcohol use, violence, risky sexual behavior, risky driving, suicide, and drug use). Data sources were located by combining conscientiousness-related terms and relevant health-related behavior terms in database searches as well as by retrieving dissertations and requesting unpublished data from electronic mailing lists. The resulting database contained 194 studies that were quantitatively synthesized. Results showed that conscientiousness-related traits were negatively related to all risky health-related behaviors and positively related to all beneficial health-related behaviors. This study demonstrates the importance of conscientiousness' contribution to the health process through its relationship to health-related behaviors.",
author = "Tim Bogg and Roberts, {Brent W.}",
year = "2004",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0033-2909.130.6.887",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "130",
pages = "887--919",
journal = "Psychological Bulletin",
issn = "0033-2909",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conscientiousness and health-related behaviors

T2 - A meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality

AU - Bogg, Tim

AU - Roberts, Brent W.

PY - 2004/11/1

Y1 - 2004/11/1

N2 - Previous research has established conscientiousness as a predictor of longevity (H. S. Friedman et al., 1993; L. R. Martin & H. S. Friedman, 2000). To better understand this relationship, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of conscientiousness-related traits and the leading behavioral contributors to mortality in the United States (tobacco use, diet and activity patterns, excessive alcohol use, violence, risky sexual behavior, risky driving, suicide, and drug use). Data sources were located by combining conscientiousness-related terms and relevant health-related behavior terms in database searches as well as by retrieving dissertations and requesting unpublished data from electronic mailing lists. The resulting database contained 194 studies that were quantitatively synthesized. Results showed that conscientiousness-related traits were negatively related to all risky health-related behaviors and positively related to all beneficial health-related behaviors. This study demonstrates the importance of conscientiousness' contribution to the health process through its relationship to health-related behaviors.

AB - Previous research has established conscientiousness as a predictor of longevity (H. S. Friedman et al., 1993; L. R. Martin & H. S. Friedman, 2000). To better understand this relationship, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of conscientiousness-related traits and the leading behavioral contributors to mortality in the United States (tobacco use, diet and activity patterns, excessive alcohol use, violence, risky sexual behavior, risky driving, suicide, and drug use). Data sources were located by combining conscientiousness-related terms and relevant health-related behavior terms in database searches as well as by retrieving dissertations and requesting unpublished data from electronic mailing lists. The resulting database contained 194 studies that were quantitatively synthesized. Results showed that conscientiousness-related traits were negatively related to all risky health-related behaviors and positively related to all beneficial health-related behaviors. This study demonstrates the importance of conscientiousness' contribution to the health process through its relationship to health-related behaviors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=8644228396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=8644228396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0033-2909.130.6.887

DO - 10.1037/0033-2909.130.6.887

M3 - Review article

C2 - 15535742

AN - SCOPUS:8644228396

VL - 130

SP - 887

EP - 919

JO - Psychological Bulletin

JF - Psychological Bulletin

SN - 0033-2909

IS - 6

ER -