Congress of neurological surgeons systematic review and evidence-based guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma: Operative versus nonoperative treatment

Craig H. Rabb, Daniel J. Hoh, Paul A. Anderson, Paul M. Arnold, John H. Chi, Andrew T. Dailey, Sanjay S. Dhall, Kurt M. Eichholz, James S. Harrop, Sheeraz Qureshi, P. B. Raksin, Michael G. Kaiser, John E. O'Toole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

QUESTION 1: Does the surgical treatment of burst fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine improve clinical outcomes compared to nonoperative treatment? RECOMMENDATION 1: There is conflicting evidence to recommend for or against the use of surgical intervention to improve clinical outcomes in patientswith thoracolumbar burst fracture who are neurologically intact. Therefore, it is recommended that the discretion of the treating provider be used to determine if the presenting thoracic or lumbar burst fracture in the neurologically intact patient warrants surgical intervention. Strength of Recommendation: Grade Insufficient QUESTION 2: Does the surgical treatment of nonburst fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine improve clinical outcomes compared to nonoperative treatment? RECOMMENDATION 2: There is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against the use of surgical intervention for nonburst thoracic or lumbar fractures. It is recommended that the decision to pursue surgery for such fractures be at the discretion of the treating physician.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E50-E52
JournalClinical Neurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brace
  • Conservative
  • Nonoperative
  • Operative
  • Stabilization
  • Thoracolumbar fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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