Congress of neurological surgeons systematic review and evidence-based guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma: Neurological assessment

James S. Harrop, John H. Chi, Paul A. Anderson, Paul M. Arnold, Andrew T. Dailey, Sanjay S. Dhall, Kurt M. Eichholz, Daniel J. Hoh, Sheeraz Qureshi, Craig H. Rabb, P. B. Raksin, Michael G. Kaiser, John E. O'Toole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

QUESTION 1: Which neurological assessment tools have demonstrated internal reliability and validity in the management of patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures (ie, do these instruments provide consistent information between different care providers)? RECOMMENDATION 1: Numerous neurologic assessment scales (Functional Independence Measure, Sunnybrook Cord Injury Scale and Frankel Scale for Spinal Cord Injury) have demonstrated internal reliability and validity in the management of patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures. Unfortunately, other contemporaneous measurement scales (ie, American Spinal Cord Injury Association Impairment Scale) have not been specifically studied in patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures. Strength of Recommendation: Grade C QUESTION 2: Are there any clinical findings (eg, presenting neurological grade/function) in patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures that can assist in predicting clinical outcomes? RECOMMENDATION 2: Entry American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grade, sacral sensation, ankle spasticity, urethral and rectal sphincter function, and AbH motor function can be used to predict neurological function and outcome in patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures (Table I https://www.cns.org/guideline-chapters/ congress-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-evidence-based-guidelines/chapter- 4-table1). Strength of Recommendation: Grade B The full version of the guideline can be reviewed at: Https://www.cns.org/guidelinechapters/ congress-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-evidence-based-guidelines/ chapter-4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E32-E35
JournalClinical Neurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lumbar
  • Neurologic examination
  • SCI
  • Thoracic
  • Thoracolumbar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Congress of neurological surgeons systematic review and evidence-based guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma: Neurological assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Harrop, J. S., Chi, J. H., Anderson, P. A., Arnold, P. M., Dailey, A. T., Dhall, S. S., Eichholz, K. M., Hoh, D. J., Qureshi, S., Rabb, C. H., Raksin, P. B., Kaiser, M. G., & O'Toole, J. E. (2019). Congress of neurological surgeons systematic review and evidence-based guidelines on the evaluation and treatment of patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma: Neurological assessment. Clinical Neurosurgery, 84(1), E32-E35. https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyy370