Computational modeling of the monoaminergic neurotransmitter and male neuroendocrine systems in an analysis of therapeutic neuroadaptation to chronic antidepressant

Mariam Bonyadi Camacho, Warut D. Vijitbenjaronk, Thomas J. Anastasio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Second-line depression treatment involves augmentation with one (rarely two) additional drugs, of chronic administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which is the first-line depression treatment. Unfortunately, many depressed patients still fail to respond even after months to years of searching to find an effective combination. To aid in the identification of potentially effective antidepressant combinations, we created a computational model of the monoaminergic neurotransmitter (serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine), stress-hormone (cortisol), and male sex hormone (testosterone) systems. The model was trained via machine learning to represent a broad range of empirical observations. Neuroadaptation to chronic drug administration was simulated through incremental adjustments in model parameters that corresponded to key regulatory components of the neurotransmitter and neurohormone systems. Analysis revealed that neuroadaptation in the model depended on all of the regulatory components in complicated ways, and did not reveal any one or a few specific components that could be targeted in the design of antidepressant treatments. We used large sets of neuroadapted states of the model to screen 74 different drug and hormone combinations and identified several combinations that could potentially be therapeutic for a higher proportion of male patients than SSRIs by themselves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-99
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume31
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Drug discovery
  • Gonadal hormones
  • Machine learning
  • Neuropharmacology
  • Systems biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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