Computational modeling and experimental characterization of macroscale piezoresistivity in aligned carbon nanotube and fuzzy fiber nanocomposites

Adarsh K. Chaurasia, Xiang Ren, Yumeng Li, Engin C. Sengezer, Josh Burtony, Gary D. Seidelz

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In this study, a multiscale computational micromechanics based approach is developed to study the effect of applied strains on the effective macroscale piezoresistivity of carbon nanotube (CNT)-polymer and fuzzy fiber-polymer nanocomposites. The computational models developed in this study allow for electron hopping and inherent CNT piezoresistivity at the nanoscale in addition to interfacial damage at the CNT-polymer interface. The CNT-polymer nanocomposite is studied at the nanoscale allowing for interfacial damage at the CNT-polymer interface using electromechanical cohesive zones. For fuzzy fiber-polymer nanocomposites, a 3-scale computational model is developed allowing for concurrent coupling of the microscale and nanoscale. The electromechanical boundary value problem is solved using finite elements at each of the scales and the effective electrostatic properties are obtained by using electrostatic energy equivalence. The effective electro- static properties are used to evaluate the relative change in effective resistivity and the macroscale effective gauge factors for the nanocomposites. In addition, the piezoresistive response of aligned CNT-polymer and fuzzy fiber-polymer nanocomposites is investigated experimentally. The results obtained from the computational models are compared to the experimentally observed change in resistance with applied strains and associated gauge factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event55th AIAA/ASMe/ASCE/AHS/SC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference - SciTech Forum and Exposition 2014 - National Harbor, MD, United States
Duration: Jan 13 2014Jan 17 2014

Other

Other55th AIAA/ASMe/ASCE/AHS/SC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference - SciTech Forum and Exposition 2014
CountryUnited States
CityNational Harbor, MD
Period1/13/141/17/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture

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    Chaurasia, A. K., Ren, X., Li, Y., Sengezer, E. C., Burtony, J., & Seidelz, G. D. (2014). Computational modeling and experimental characterization of macroscale piezoresistivity in aligned carbon nanotube and fuzzy fiber nanocomposites. Paper presented at 55th AIAA/ASMe/ASCE/AHS/SC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference - SciTech Forum and Exposition 2014, National Harbor, MD, United States. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2014-1168