Comptoniaster adamsi nov. sp. (Asteroidea, Valvatida, Goniasteridae) is described from the middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian-Turonian) Britton Formation of northcentral Texas, USA. The new species provides the focus for an exploratory cladistic analysis of Mesozoic asteroids of the Comptoniaster- Tylasteria Group sensu G. Breton. The systematics of Mesozoic goniasterids has relied heavily on the morphology of marginal ossicles, which generally are the best-preserved elements of the skeleton. Unfortunately, marginal ossicular data are scanty for most species because ossicles tend to be morphologically simple yet varied even within individuals, and few even partially articulated specimens are available to provide more comprehensive information. Further, both plesiomorphy and homeomorphy have been important. Because of limited available data, phylogenetic reconstruction here is preliminary. Nevertheless, a number of taxon groupings recognized in the literature are recovered, and stratigraphic distribution provides some support for results. Data unfortunately are particularly incomplete for species of Comptoniaster, the focus of the study. Comptoniaster adamsi nov. sp. clustered with three other species assigned to the genus, including the type, all Cretaceous in age. Jurassic species of Comptoniaster are more widely distributed in the analysis, perhaps reflecting an early stage in diversification or perhaps suggesting the need for species assignment reassessment, but also reflecting the limited available data.
|Translated title of the contribution||Comptoniaster adamsi nov. sp. (Echinodermata, Asteroidea) from the middle Cretaceous of Texas and its phylogenetic position|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Mar 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Space and Planetary Science