Composition of corn and distillers dried grains with solubles from dry grind ethanol processing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Increase in the demand for ethanol has resulted in growth in the dry grind (DG) ethanol industry. In DG processing, the whole corn kernel is fermented, resulting in two main coproducts, ethanol and distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). Marketing of DDGS is critical to the economic stability of DG plants. The composition of DDGS can vary considerably; this reduces market value. Factors that cause variation in composition need to be evaluated. The objective was to determine the relationship between composition of corn and composition of DDGS. Samples of corn and DDGS were obtained from a DG ethanol plant and analyzed for protein, fat, starch and other nutrients. Concentrations of protein, fiber and starch were similar to published data for corn but were higher for DDGS. Coefficients of variation for protein fat and fiber concentrations were similar for corn and DDGS. There were no significant correlations between concentrations of components in corn and those in DDGS. Variation in the composition of DDGS was not related to variation in corn composition and probably was due to variation in processing streams or processing techniques. This implies that reducing the variation in composition of DDG will require modification of processing strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalBioresource Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Corn
  • DDGS
  • Nutrient concentrations
  • Variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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